ECONOMIC INDICATORS (INFLATION AND EMPLOYMENT)

ECONOMIC INDICATORS (INFLATION AND EMPLOYMENT)

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What is Economic Indicator?

Statistics on economic activity are a financial indicator. Economic indicators enable economic performance analysis and future performance forecasts. An analysis of business cycles is one application of economic indicators. Indicators of the economy include multiple indices, income reports, and statistical sums: the unemployment rate, the withdrawal levels, the housing origins, the consumer price index (inflation measure), the market debt ratio, factory production, bankruptcies, the gross domestic product.

 

5 Key Indicators Of Economic:

Inflation: Measures of the cost of goods and services.

Employment: Percent of People with jobs and the ability to invest.

Housing: Banks lend and economy booms to a nation with rising house prices.

Spending: We live in a society based on consumption. The economy is rising as customers increase their spending.

Confidence: Although it is not easy, confidence drives it all.

 

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MOST IMPORTANT INDICATORS

INFLATION:

 

Buying Power

The first inflation trend is just another way to describe what it is. Inflation is the decrease in currency buying power due to a rising in consumer prices.

The average price of a cup of coffee was a dime inside modern times.

The average today is less than two cents. Such a price adjustment may have resulted in a rise in coffee’s popularity or demand pooling in the largest coffee-growing area of the world or years of catastrophic dry / flood/conflict.

The price of coffee goods would rise in those cases, but the rest of the economy would remain relatively unchallenged.
The example would not be inflation as the total buying power would only be substantially decreased by the most caffeine-addled customers.

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The price of coffee products would rise in these scenarios, but the remaining economy would remain largely unchanged.

 

Encourages spending, investment

It is to fill gas containers for the customers, top-up their fridge, buy their children’s shoes in the next size, and so on.

When inflation ends, many investors purchase gold and other valuable metals, but uncertainty in these assets may eliminate the advantages of protection from price increases, particularly in the short term. Apple Inc.’s contribution cost $29 in current dollars at its completion on 12 Dec.

1980. It would not have been better for the company as well as for Apple to hide the assets in 1980 than to buy and retain an interest in Houston’s natural gas which would turn into an Enron.

 

Rising and Lower the cost borrowing

Instead, they are tugging interest rates in either direction to keep inflation near the target rate. The money supply is another way of examining the role of central banks in controlling inflation.

The capital will become worthless and there will be inflation if the money increases more quickly than the economy.

As central banks decide to increase the rates they can not achieve so by merely selling government securities and withdrawing the profits from the money supply.

With the cash surplus diminishing, the inflation rate decreases. Inflation would reduce interest rates where there is no central bank and central banks are tied to elected officials. If household debt rates are high, policymakers think the paper money, inflationary benefits, and the elimination of voting commitments are electorally valuable.

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Reduce Unemployment and Increase Growth

The same idea could work in reverse: upward sticking in wages means employers are forced to hire more employees until inflation reaches a certain threshold.

If a responsible central bank is available to raise interest rates, inflation discourages saving, because deposit buying power erodes over time.

Similarly, the negative correlation between inflation and unemployment means more people will be put to work and growth will be stimulated.

 

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EMPLOYMENT

A body of economic analysis related to relative rates of economic production, employment, and costs. In determining how these macroeconomic variables interlink, policymakers aim to implement policies that lead to economic stability.

Suppose savings rise above their previous level in a given period, for example. This will lead to a reduction in demand today and an increase in demand in the future.

When new capital accumulation (investment as in inventory) is growing by chance at the same numbers, productive forces will tend to run on capacity; the pace of production will not change and the economy will stay in a balance.

However, if capital formation does not increase, then labor demand decreases and, if wages do not decrease, certain workers become unemployed and lose some of their income today.

The drop in incomes further reduces the demand of consumers as well as the savings rate. When producers will not adjust their capital plans, a lower level of income balances would be created.

Thus, the actual results of a reduction in spending and increased savings would be both dampings the economy. Also, savings are not unstable, nor the rate of investment. Inversely, the economy would continue to be boosted by rising consumption or increasing customer purchasing.

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