On 14 August 1947 Pakistan appeared on a world map and adopted British India’s foreign stance. In keeping with the principles and goals of Pakistan’s revolution, Pakistan made reforms in British politics after independence.
This is foreign policy, by taking effective external steps, to build and maintain ties with other nations to protect national interests.
In compliance with cultural, economic, political, and geographical circumstances each nation set up its foreign policy. Quaid-e-Azam itself laid out Pakistan’s Foreign Policy.
The foreign policy of Pakistan is based on the following basic principles:
Check out also: Ideology Of Pakistan
Pakistan respects and supports other nations ‘freedom, liberties, and independence, and acknowledges peaceful coexistence, as well as seeking the same from others. Pakistan also condemns all forms of bigotry and abuse in other domestic relations and refuses.
By making changes to its foreign policy, Pakistan has followed a stance of nonalignment. Pakistan has not been affiliated with any bloc and good ties with all countries have been developed.
Pakistan is now seeking to establish friendly ties with Russia, the United States, China, the United Kingdom of France and other countries and wants them to be similarly relevant by others. Pakistan is currently also a permanent member of the Party of the Non-Aligned (NAM).
Unite Nations Charter
Pakistan wants to improve its bilateral ties with any country. Pakistan needs to settle its bilateral disputes with its neighbors. Pakistan has also asked India to settle the Kashmir issue by talks many times.
United Nations Charter
Pakistan is a United Nations member and strictly follows the Charter. Pakistan has also endorsed all UN activities and received military aid in executing its decisions.
Support to Right of Self-Determination
Pakistan recognizes all the defeated nations ‘right to self-determination. Pakistan considers each country to have the right to self-determination.
Pakistan has also endorsed the call for colonialism scrapped and for any campaign in Europe, Africa, and Asia to exercise the right to self-determination.
In the freedom movement of Kashmir, Palestine, Bosnia, Namibia, and Vietnam, Pakistan has been extremely significant.
It also protested Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan and enabled Afghanis to liberate themselves from foreign control.
Check out also: Non-Aligned Movement
Unity of Islamic World
Pakistan is a proponent of Islamic world unification and supports the policy of establishing friendly ties with Muslim countries.
In Iran — Iraq war, Palestinian independence and Afghanistan — Pakistan has always sought to settle the tensions of the Islamic world and played a significant role.
The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is an influential participant in Pakistan. Pakistan has developed an Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), a forum for Muslim Central Asian countries to address their economic problems.
Pakistan is the largest donor to de-armament and has sponsored all diplomatic efforts for global de-armament. Pakistan is still not in the arms race.
For humanitarian purposes, Pakistan uses nuclear technology. The threat of nuclear war is attempted by Pakistan. Pakistan has consistently proposed South Asia’s de-armed care in the country, but India has declined.
Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Pakistan wants to eliminate racial discrimination throughout the world.
Pakistan has protested over racial discrimination in South Africa, Namibia, and Rhodesia. There is no racial discrimination in Pakistan and all the minorities in Pakistan have equal rights.
Establishment of Peace
Pakistan wants global stability. Islamabad needs stability.
Pakistan also protested against the wishes of the hostile forces and supported the oppressed nations for stability.
Pakistan invited India to South Asia peace talks on various occasions but declined any attempt.
Good Relations with Neighbours
Pakistan wants a good relationship with all neighbors including India. Pakistan also wants to solve all the issues with neighboring countries including the Kashmir issue with India peacefully.
Therefore, Pakistan has invited India for talks at any time, at every level, and every place.
International and Regional Cooperation
Pakistan is an active member of the international, regional, i.e. United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), Islamic Conference Organization (OIC), Organization for Economic Co-operation (ECO), and SAARC.
Pakistan is also working with all of these organizations to ensure world peace.